How Does Your Baby Learn: 0-3 Months
Learning begins at birth, and brain development during the first years of life is critical to the lifelong success of every child. During these early months, when baby’s brain is developing rapidly, adult participation in even simple activities with young children makes a lasting impression.
Stimulate Your Baby’s Senses
During the first three months of life, babies experience a world of sensations. They use their senses of sight, hearing, smell and touch. Here are some things you can do to help!
- Place baby on different soft and pleasant textures – silky satin, wool, soft flannel, fluffy toy.
- Softly blow on baby’s hands, feet and tummy during play. Talk to baby about what you are doing.
- Slowly rock baby in your arms several times each day. Always touch, hold and move gently. You can’t hold your baby too much.
- Hold baby close while you sing, dance, rock, read or talk.
- Respond to baby’s needs as quickly as possible. This way you help baby trust, feel safe and be confident.
- Help baby observe different faces. Smile at baby and use her name. Play peek-a-boo as you hide behind a paper plate or blanket.
Help Your Baby’s Muscles Grow
Your baby’s muscles only grow strong when he or she uses them. Here are some ways by which you can help your baby gain strength.
- When on his tummy, encourage baby to look toward a variety of soft sounds – your voice, music, a rattle, a bell, singing.
- When changing a diaper gently move baby’s legs like pedaling a bicycle. Talk softly or sing at the same time while making eye contact.
- After bathing baby, gently bring baby’s hands together. Help patty cake, or kiss the hands while talking or singing.
- Give baby things he can safely put in his mouth and hands to learn about the shape and feel of things. Make sure the objects are large enough that they aren’t a choking hazard.
By the end of three months, your baby should be able to:
- Raise head slightly when lying on stomach
- Say a vowel-consonant combinations (ah, uh, eh)
- Recognize a bottle or breast
- Watch objects move slightly from one side to another.
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