Illnesses that use cord blood stem cells therapy
Cord blood stem cells are currently used to treat more than 70 chronic or life-threatening conditions. Here is a list of some of the more commonly known illnesses that use cord blood therapy and what they are.
- Leukemia – is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. The bone marrow makes unformed cells called blasts and in AML the blasts are abnormal. They do not develop into healthy cells and cannot fight off infection. The amount of abnormal cells (leukemia cells) grows quickly and crowd out the normal blood cells that the body needs.The different kinds of leukemiaAcute myelogenous leukemia – makes all blood cells abnormal (fast-growing)
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia – makes abnormal white blood cells (fast-growing)
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia – makes too many white blood cells (slow-growing)
- Chronic lymphoblastic leukemia – makes too many immature / abnormal white blood cells (slow-growing)
- Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia – is a very rare type that is only found in children and occurs most often in infants and children under four years old.
- Sickle cell disease: Sickle cell disease is an inherited, life-threatening blood disorder which causes red blood cells, normally round and soft, to form rigid crescent shapes, which clump together and block small blood vessels in the body. Sickle cell disease causes chronic pain, serious infection, and organ damage.1 Stem cell transplantation (including transplantation using cord blood stem cells) is the only curative treatment for sickle cell disease.
- Aplastic anemia: Aplastic anemia is a serious blood disorder that causes the bone marrow to produce insufficient quantities of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Stem cell transplantation, including transplantation using cord blood, is the best treatment option for many patients with aplastic anemia, because it usually cures the disease.
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma (also known as Hodgkin’s disease) – is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is a part of your immune system. Cells in the lymphatic system grow abnormally and may spread to the rest of the body. As it progresses, it compromises the body’s ability to fight infection.Severe aplastic anemia – is a disease of the bone marrow. Basically the bone marrow stops making enough of the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets to support the body. Unlike leukemia, the blood cells the bone marrow makes are healthy and normal the bone marrow just doesn’t produce enough of them. People with this disease are at risk for life-threatening infections or bleeding.Fanconi anemia – is a genetically inherited type of severe aplastic anemia.Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) – is a rare potentially life-threatening disease of the blood characterized by anemia and red urine due to the breakdown of red blood cells.
- Pure red cell aplasia – is a type of anemia that affects the production of red blood cells and not the production of platelets or white blood cells. The bone marrow stops making red blood cells.Amegakaryocytosis / congenital thrombocytopenia – a platelet disorder with low platelet counts and large platelet size.Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) – is defined by a usually severe defect in the T- and B- lymphocyte systems. It is often called the “bubble boy disease” after the world learned of David Vetter, the boy who lived for twelve years in a plastic, germ-free bubble.Sickle cell disease – is an inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells. The red blood cells contain mostly hemoglobin* S, an abnormal type of hemoglobin. Sometimes these cells become shaped like a sickle and have a hard time passing through small blood vessels. The sickle cells cause blockage in the blood vessels and less blood can reach that part of the body. If tissue does not receive the normal amount of blood becomes damaged and this causes the complications of sickle cell disease.
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