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Ovulation and Trying to Conceive

Ovulation occurs when a woman’s ripened egg, or ovum, is released from one of two ovaries, making the journey down the respective fallopian tube and into the uterus. By this time, the uterus lining has thickened to prepare to protect the egg if it becomes fertilized and turns into an embryo. If the egg is not fertilized, it is absorbed into the uterine lining and then expelled along with the lining during menstruation.

If an egg is fertilized by a sperm, it implants into the uterus and pregnancy begins! Some women experience implantation bleeding: light bleeding that occurs when the egg implants. This often happens 6 to 12 days after fertilization, sometimes right around the time a woman would be expecting her next menstrual period, and is nothing to be concerned about.

Women are born with 1 to 2 million follicles, or immature eggs, in the ovaries. By puberty, only about 400,000 remain. With each menstrual cycle, approximately 1,000 follicles are lost, with only one maturing into an egg.

In healthy women, both ovaries can release eggs, but they do not alternate consistently, with the right ovary releasing an egg one month and the left releasing an egg the next month. Even healthy women can occasionally have cycles in which they don’t ovulate, and they will still get their period on schedule. This can be caused by stress, rapid weight loss or gain, illness, change in diet or exercise routine, or medications.

Having sex a few days before, during and directly after ovulation is the best way to try to conceive. Because you can ovulate without a menstrual period, or have a menstrual period without ovulating, calculating from period to period is not always reliable, but it is one easy and free method. There are several different methods that can be used to predict when you are ovulating and to determine your next ovulation date.

  • Ovulation Calculator
  • Natural methods to track your fertility, which include charting your basal body temperature, cervical mucus and cervical position
  • Over-the-counter or prescription ovulation predictor kit.

Finally, some women can actually feel themselves ovulate. They will experience a sharp pain on one side of their abdomen, or experience a feeling similar to menstrual cramps. This is called “mittleschmerz,” literally translated from German to mean “middle pain.” For some, this pain is fleeting, for others it can last a few hours.

Using one or any combination of these methods will help you predict your time of ovulation.

Author: Dawn Allcot

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10 Comments on "Ovulation and Trying to Conceive"

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4 years 7 months ago

now i am in 16th day i plan to conceive… All process i taken… Egg growth all normal … When i should stop travelling .. Now shall i travel by train during 18th to 23 th day….

5 years 4 months ago

I am 27,have been trying to conceive for past 3-4 months.been noting down my periods cycle datewise,it varies every month from 29,32,35 days.have been taking prenatal supplements as prescribed by doctor.also have been doing intercourse every alternate day from 9th -22nd day.Just once I got OPK,and had intercourse before, on and after ovulation days.these OPKs are out of budget. Why am I unable to get pregnant

Andrea Goldman
9 years 8 months ago

Many doctors advocate the practice of calculating fertile days by observing the menstrual cycle. However, not every menstrual cycle is identical, like my erratic cycle! This is why Ovu-Trac, a saliva based ovulation predictor kit worked for me. Ovu-Trac ( provided me with individual results based on my own body. This control and individualization undoubtedly reduced anxiety and stress and increased my chance of getting pregnant, which I did!!

9 years 8 months ago

i also want to know. i have my ovulution on 15th nov and had intercourse on that day but i don’t get pregrent is there any othere problem.i m very tense please help.

[…] poor sperm quality. By implanting “washed” sperm directly into the woman during her ovulation period, IUI has an average pregnancy success rate of between 6 and 25%. Success rates at or above the […]

[…] conceive a boy, have intercourse on the day of ovulation or one day after. To conceive a girl, have sex two to four days prior to […]

[…] Are you tracking your menstrual cycles and using some method to ensure you are having sex at or around your time of ovulation? […]

[…] Ovulation – the release of an egg into the fallopian tube – is required for conception. Most women ovulate about once a month or approximately every 28 to 31 days. […]

amu teju
10 years 2 months ago

i used to have pains at my right or left abdomel during my ovulation, but all effrt trying to conceive is in vain what can i do

[…] a couple is trying to conceive, thoughts of ovulation dates, cervical mucus (isn’t that a romantic term?), and pre-natal vitamins often over-ride the […]

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